Beginners and inexperienced paddleboarders

While you’re learning the basics stack the odds in your favour as much as possible. Restrict your paddling to flat shallow water, and light winds.

The one overriding factor to remember is that in your early days, the wind is not your friend. It’s hard to paddle against the wind, so just don’t take any chances with it. And remember too, just because it’s called stand-up-paddleboarding doesn’t mean it’s compulsory to stand up. If you’re having trouble staying on because it’s getting rough, or you’re struggling to make headway against the wind, kneel down, hold the paddle with both hands low down the shaft, and you’ll find it far easier (and more stable) to make progress.

The SUP SAFE code

Stand-up paddleboarding is on the whole a pretty safe sport, as it is conducted at low speeds. However, like any water sport, there is the potential for things to go wrong, especially here in New Zealand where the weather can often change rapidly. So, however experienced a water-person you may be, we strongly advise you follow the 5-point SUP SAFE code whenever you are going out for a paddle. (Obviously if you are just splashing around at your local beach and never more than a few metres off shore, in shallow water, then it’s not so important. But if you’re going more than, say, 100m offshore and/or travelling any significant distance from your starting point, then you really should follow this code. It’s not difficult, it’s not a hassle, it  only adds a few extra seconds to your preparation, and could be the difference between a nice paddle, and a horrible disaster.

So here’s the SUP SAFE code. Click on each heading to get the full lowdown on each item.

Without a leash it is easy to become separated from your board, especially in a breeze. So it is very important to wear a leash. However, it is equally important to wear the right leash for the conditions.

  • On moving water (rivers, harbour mouths etc): use a leash with a quick-release system that can be operated from above the waist. NEVER wear a leash attached to your ankle or calf in moving water. No leash is better than the wrong leash in these conditions. If the leash gets caught on something in the water, you will not be able to undo it if you are in a strong current, if it is attached to your calf or ankle under tension.
  • Surf: only use a straight ankle/calf leash.
  • Weedy conditions: use a coiled leash so that it does not drag in the water and catch weed.


Learn More: Understanding Leashes

Carrying or wearing a Personal Flotation Device (PFD)  is a legal requirement in New Zealand, and in many regions you will get fined if you don’t have one. You have been warned!

And why wouldn’t you want one, anyway? A PFD will greatly increase your survival time should you become separated from your board. A PFD with permanent built-in floatation (as opposed to the inflatable type) is essential if you are a weak or non swimmer.

If you’re a competent swimmer and don’t like the idea of the restriction and encumbrance of a permanent buoyancy PFD, then wear a  beltpack! They are a great option for the more experienced paddler.

Learn More: Understanding PFDs

Do this one before you even leave home!

Know the weather, wind strength and direction (now and forecast), tide height and flow if you are at the coast, river flow if you are on a river, and the water temperature. Is your ability and current fitness sufficient for the challenge, are your equipment and clothing right for the conditions?

To learn much more about all aspects of interpreting and understanding the conditions why not take the SUP SAFE course? You can do it online (completely free!) or with one of our trained SUP SAFE course presenters around New Zealand.

Learn More: The SUP Safe Course

Can you call for help, if necessary? Remember, it might not be you in trouble, but someone else you encounter! Take a phone or Maritime VHF (with emergency channel 16) in a waterproof case, along with a whistle, so that you have two ways of communicating. (You normally get a good waterproof whistle as part of the package when you buy a good quality PFD).

To learn much more about all aspects of paddleboarding safety communications why not take the SUP SAFE course? You can do it online (completely free!) or with one of our trained SUP SAFE course presenters around New Zealand.

Learn More: The SUP Safe Course

Even if you’re paddling with others (always safest!), make sure someone onshore knows that you’re on the water, where you’re going and how long you will be. Tell them when you get back too! The Coastguard App ‘Log A Trip’ function is a great resource for this.

Casual paddling off the beach?

Obviously if you are just messing around at your local beach, never out of sight of family ashore etc, then it’s not so critical to follow all of these recommendations. But if you’re paddling any distance, particularly if going out of sight of where you started from, then following these recommendations is just good sense.

Getting into SUP surfing?

Don’t even think about taking your SUP board out into the waves until you are confident in handling your board in bumpy conditions, can turn it quickly, and – most importantly – can get back onto it swiftly after a dismount. Because you WILL fall in when you try SUP surfing! There are also a whole lot of rules and etiquette you also need to understand about surfing, very much for your own safety. Find out more at the SUP SURF SAFETY page.

PFDs and the law

New Zealand Maritime Law says that you must carry a PFD on a small craft under 5m. While the reality is that the coastguards or harbourmasters may well turn a blind eye if you are close inshore and wearing a leash, and it does seem a bit irrelevant if you are tethered to a huge big floating thing anyway, it is still the law, and in many regions of New Zealand you will be fined if you are not wearing one.  

The only exemption for SUP is if you are actively involved in surfing, in which case you do not have to wear a PFD. At any other time, the law states that you do. Fortunately, the belt-pack pull-to-inflate style are perfectly acceptable under NZ law, and are a great option for paddleboarding. So if you are going any distance away from easy access to the shore, then we strongly recommend that you wear one. Likewise, carry your mobile phone, with plenty of charge. It could save your life!

The SUP Safe Code

The SUP SAFE Courses

To learn much more about all aspects of paddleboarding safety why not check out our SUP SAFE courses? You can do them online (completely free!) or with one of our trained SUP SAFE course presenters around New Zealand.
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